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Additive Manufacturing: An Introductory Overview (4 of 4) - By : Sylvie Doré,

Additive Manufacturing: An Introductory Overview (4 of 4)


Sylvie Doré
Sylvie Doré Author profile
Sylvie Doré is a professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at ÉTS. Her research interests include additive manufacturing, rapid prototyping, design methodologies, orthopaedic biomechanics and university education.

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This is the fourth and final article in our series. It follows the first, second and third recently published articles written to give readers a better understanding of the various technologies used in additive manufacturing.
As mentioned in the first article, the ASTM F2792-12a standard entitled “Standard Terminology for Additive Manufacturing Technologies” divides the different technologies into seven categories. This article will focus on the last three (see grey font) out of the seven described in the standard, which are as follows:
SD ASTM ANG
Categories 1 and 2 (black font) were presented in Article 2, while categories 3 and 4 (yellow font) were outlined in Article 3. Article 1 provided an overview of the additive manufacturing field and described the content of all four articles. For each category, you’ll find a short explanation of the principle, the class of materials used, the names of the main companies selling the machines and what they call the process.

5. Binder jetting

Procedure in which a liquid, acting as an adhesive, is added selectively to bind material in powder form.
Materials: starch, cellulose, plaster, sand, metal

Main companies and procedures

SDZcorp logoZCorp (acquired by 3D Systems)
Website

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SDEXone logoExOne (division of ProMetal)

Website

 

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SDVoxeljetVoxelJet GmbH

Website

 

 

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6- Sheet lamination

Procedure in which sheets of material are laminated together to form an object.
Materials: paper, acetate, metal

Main companies and procedures

SDmcorlogoMcor Technologies
Website

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SDsolidmodlogoSolidModel USA (Solido model)
Website

 

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SDfabrilogoFabrisonic: AUM (Additive Ultrasonic Manufacturing)
Website

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7- Vat photopolymerization

Procedure in which a photosensitive resin, stored in a vat, is selectively polymerized using a light source.
Materials: photosensitive resins

Main companies and procedures

sd3dsystem logo13D Systems – SLA ® (Stereolithography Apparatus); laser and mirror galvanometer (iPro8000, ProX 950 models)
Website

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sd3dsystem logo13D Systems – FTI (Film Transfer Imaging); projector
(ProJet1000-1500 model)
Website

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SDenvisio logoEnvisiontec – (Perfactory and Ultra models);  DLP Projector (Digital Light Projector)
Website

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While this classification may not be perfect, it is useful for clarifying which types of machines share similar technologies. Let’s hope that it will help facilitate communication between different players in the field.

 

Sylvie Doré

Author's profile

Sylvie Doré is a professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at ÉTS. Her research interests include additive manufacturing, rapid prototyping, design methodologies, orthopaedic biomechanics and university education.

Program : Mechanical Engineering 

Author profile


Field(s) of expertise :

Additive Manufacturing 

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